Dating of dead sea scrolls
Although at the end of the day no scroll was found...the findings indicate beyond any doubt that the cave contained scrolls that were stolen," Dr.Athanasius Yeshue Samuel, a Syrian Orthodox archbishop of Jerusalem, bought four of the original Dead Sea Scrolls from a cobbler who dabbled in antiquities, paying less than 0.
First discovered outside Jerusalem in the late 1940s, this ancient collection of texts includes the oldest known biblical manuscripts, dating back some 2,000 years.
Though Bedouin shepherds first discovered the Dead Sea Scrolls in Khirbet Qumran on the northwest shore of the Dead Sea, in late 1946 or early 1947, official excavations of the Qumran caves didn’t begin until the 1950s.
By that time, looters had already gotten to the caves and removed many of the priceless ancient scroll fragments.
Below, find out more about the scrolls and their deep religious and historical significance.
In late 1946 or early 1947, Bedouin teenagers were tending their goats and sheep near the ancient settlement of Qumran, located on the northwest shore of the Dead Sea in what is now known as the West Bank.